I found this Calanthe tricarinata in some shrubs near Lamaling, Nyingchi County & Prefecture, Tibet AR in 2950m on June 14, 2011 (25)
|Calanthe tricarniata |
Orchis wardii / Galearis wardii
Right in the guest house yard several of these Orchis wardi / Ward's orchids grew,
|Dactylorhiza hatagirea(D.Don.) Soo Himalaya Marsh Orchid|
Dactylorhiza hatagirea, the Himalaya Marsh Orchid.
Above Gyamda in several sites a dozen of these Himalaya Marsh Orchids grew along a small stream. The tubers of Dactylorhiza hatagirea are used in Tibetan medicine and other traditional oriental medicines. According to Mother Herbs the tubers are used as nervine tonic and aphrodisiac. They are also used to treat wounds, cough and anemia. They are also eaten in Kongpo but their starchy taste did not impress me.
All photos: Kongpo Gyamda, Kongpo Gyamda / Gonbo Jiangda County, Nyingchi / Linzhi Prefecture, Tibet AR, 3100m (10,170ft)
A field of Tibetan lady slippers in Upper Kongpo. Probably it is Cypripedium tibeticum (King ex Hemsl. 1892). Possible Synonyms C. corrugatum C. macranthos var. tibeticum.
Kongpo-Gyomda County, Nyingchi Prefecture, Tibet AR, 3500m, June 2006. Photo: D.Winkler. (1)
A twin-flowered lady slipper, Cypripedium tibeticum in Kongpo-Gyomda County, Nyingchi Prefecture, Tibet AR. (1)
A close up of the flower of the Himalayan Lady slipper. I encountered this orchid during the Summer Fungal & Floral Foray MushRoaming tour 2010.
A group of gorgeous Himalayan Lady slippers grew right next to the highway on Serkim La.
Photo: D.Winkler, 4500m (14,750ft), Nyingchi, Tibet AR, July 21, 2010. (2)
Yellow lady slipper (Cypripedium flavum)
Cypripedium flavum growing in Birong George in 3750m (11,625 ft), Shangrila County (formerly Zhongdian Xian), Dechen TAP, Yunnan, May 31, 2008. (3)
I encountered these orchid during the Cordyceps-morel MushRoaming tour 2008.
On the left: Cypripedium guttatum is a lady slipper distributed in North America, Siberia and Eastern Asia into Tibet and the Himalayas. June 19, 2006, 4030m (13,200 ft), Meldrogonkar County, Lhasa Prefecture, Tibet AR (4)
Khampa ladies selling Lady slipper orchids (Cypripedium guttatum) along the road. (3300m, 10,200ft). Shangrila County (formerly Zhongdian Xian), Dechen TAP, Yunnan, May 28, 2008.
Habenaria arietina is reported from 2300-2400m altitude in Southeast Tibet AR, Bhutan, Nepal and India in Flora of China.
Close-up of Habenaria arietina (= Habenaria intermedia var. arietina). Being used to orchids from the temperate zone, I fell totally for these filigree flowers!
I encountered this orchid during the Summer Fungal & Floral Foray MushRoaming tour 2010. Photos: D.Winkler, 2470m (8100ft), Pome/Bomi, Nyingchi, TAR, July 19, 2010.(5)
Habenaria purpureo-punctata growing on a rock wall next to a lily in Pome / Bomi County in 2550m (8360ft). I encountered this intriguingly purple spotted orchid several times along the highway in Pome in July 2010.
Photos: D.Winkler, Pome/Bomi, Nyingchi, Tibet AR, July 19, 2010. (6)
3400m, Lunang, Nyingchi, Tibet AR, July 20, 2010. (7)
3400m, Lunang, Nyingchi, Tibet AR, July 20, 2010.
On the right the same orchid growing
in 4500m (14,750ft)
This patch grew along the highway
at Serkim La.
Galearis spathulata ?
A group of Galearis spathulata growing at Serkyim La in 3650m (12,000ft) in Nyingchi, Tibet AR.
July 17, 2010, Photos: D.Winkler (8)
All my favorites: Orchids with Mushrooms (Russula sp.) growing in moss.
This orchid grew in a meadow along a stream bed in Bachu / Bahe, Nyingchi County, Nyingchi Pref., Tibet AR, (3100m / 10,170ft) Photo: D.Winkler, July 22, 2010.
Maybe the rain kept these flowers from opening up and revealing their beauty? Bo Chu, Nyingchi County, Nyingchi Prefecture, Tibet AR. (11)
Not all orchids are necessarily very attractive. This Herminiumorchid has only tiny green petals. It is probably plenty attractive to the insects that are fertilizing this bland plant.
Photo: D.Winkler, 3450m, Nyingchi County, Nyingchi Pref., Tibet AR, July 23, 2010. (12)
Here a whole group of these greenish flowering Herminium monorchis orchids. It is easy to miss such a inconspicuous flower. Photo: D.Winkler, 3450m, Nyingchi County, Nyingchi Pref., Tibet AR, July 23, 2010. (12)
Herminium ophioglossoides is another inconspicuous and rather tiny orchid. It was not taller than 20cm (8 in) growing in a pasture. Gangya La / Ganjia Shankou (3250m /10,660 ft), Labrang County (Xiahe Xian), Ganlha / Gannan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Gansu, July 4, 2010. (13)
This Oreorchis was growing at Draksum Tso (3450m). However, when returning to Draksum Tso in June 2011 years later and checking the same spot, no sign of this Oreorchis anymore. Might have fallen victim to all the thousands of tourists passing right next to the site (14)
Photo: D.Winkler, Nyingchi County, Nyingchi Pref., Tibet AR, June 20, 2006.
The spiral line-up of the flowers are unique in Spiranthes sinensis, Chinese Ladies'-tresses. Bachu / Bahe, Nyingchi County, Nyingchi Pref., Tibet AR,3100m (10,170ft) Photo: D.Winkler, July 22, 2010. (15)
Pleione yunnanensis flowering in Birong George in approx. 3500m (11,480ft) altitude, Shangrila County (formerly Zhongdian Xian), Dechen TAP, Yunnan, May 31, 2008. (16) I encountered this orchid during the Cordyceps-morel MushRoaming tour 2008.
An orchid growing out of under a rock near Genie, 3800m (12,500ft). July 31, 2007, Litang / Litang County, Kandze / Ganzi TAP, Sichuan. Photo: D.Winkler (20)
Orchid on the foot of Yulong Shan, May 28, 2008, Yulong Shan, Lijiang, Yunnan. Photo: D.Winkler (21)
Orchid photographed in Gongbi Botanical Garden, 3400m (11,000 ft), Shangrila County (formerly Zhongdian Xian), Gyalthang, Dechen TAP, Yunnan, July 26, 2001 (22)
To the left and above an angel-flowered orchid growing in a pine forest in 3400m (11,000 ft) in Nyezhi / Nixi District, 2750m (9000ft) below Nepung Ri Mountain, Shangrila County (formerly Zhongdian Xian), Gyalthang, Dechen TAP, Yunnan, July 25, 2007 (23)
Ponerorchis chusua growing in Virgin Forest, 3250m, July 2006, Dzitsa Degu / Jiuzhaigou National Park, Jiuzhaigou County, Aba TQAP, Sichuan. Photo: D.Winkler (24)
Growing along a small stream below the Nunnery above Kongpo Gymda. I had no time to ID yet.
Kongpo Gyamda / Gonbo Jiangda, Nyingchi / Linzhi Pref., Tibet AR, 3100m (10,170ft) Photo: D.Winkler, June 17, 2011.(26)
Genie, 3600m (12,000ft). July 30, 2007, Litang / Litang County, Kandze / Ganzi TAP, Sichuan. D.Winkler (29)
A myco-heterotrophic orchid encountered
in Dzitsa Degu /Jiuzhaigou NP in 3450m
in July 2010, Jiuzhaigou County,
Aba TQAP, Sichuan. Photo: D.Winkler (30)
Gongbi Botanical Garden, 3400m (11,000 ft), Shangrila County (formerly Zhongdian Xian), Gyalthang, Dechen TAP, Yunnan, July 26, 2001 (28)
E-Flora China's Orchid section
Chen Singchi, Tsi Zhanhuo, Luo Yibo 1999. Native Orchids of China in Colour. Science Press Beijing / New York, 416p. (Chinese and English text).
Guan Kaiyun & Zhou Zhekun (eds.) 1997. Highland Flowers of Yunnan. Yunnan Sci. Tech. Press, Kunming, 252p.
Toshio Yoshida 2005. Himalayan Plants Illustrated. (in Japanese)
Yang Zenghong, Zhang Qitai, Feng Zhizhou, Lang Kaiyong, Li Bosheng 1993. Orchids. China Esperanto Press, Beijing, 1993, 178p.
First written: September 2010
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Not every orchid is perfect! This lady slipper has been fed on by an insect. Maybe the culprit is still sitting on top of the remanences of the lady slipper flower. May 28, 2008, Yulong Shan, Lijiang, Yunnan.